Trinity city is known for its constant storage and colonial architecture, where colonial houses and palaces where reigned ever luxury and extravagance stand just around every corner, grabbing the attention of visitors, she is an indisputable relic located in the south of Cuba in Sancti Spiritus province, founded on January 4th, 1514 by Don Diego Velázquez, she exhibits an environmental consistency unaltered by time, turning it into the one of the most conserved of the Caribbean Sea.
Through the cobbled streets Walker meets some beautiful mansions converted into museums as the home of the Sanchez Iznaga (Museum of Architecture), Don Mariano Borrell house (Romantic Museum) Ortiz’s house today History Museum, etc.
Wealthy jewelry, dishes, furniture and linens that still remain attests to the rich economic past that had the villa imported directly from European factories.
Very close to Trinidad, it is found the source of all his former wealth: the Valley of San Luis or Los Ingenios (Valley of the Sugar Mills) where thousands of African slaves kneaded with sweat and tears the huge fortunes of the area. Of these sugar plantations, still remain scattered ruins of rustic dwellings blacks, remnants of the stately plantation homes, villas seasonal and central Manacas Iznaga bell.
There is La Maravillosa (the beautiful), reliving one of the most beautiful legends of the region: India Caucubú and her love for the young man Narido.
Despite the incredibly preserved this city remains, the local mayor does not neglect the rehabilitation of heritage sites and has gradually assumed a restoration plan for streets and ancient buildings, reprising their original splendor.
The ancient and legendary city was recognized in 1988 by UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE near the Valley of the Sugar Mills.
Trinidad is located in the province of Sancti Spiritus, south of Cuba and in the center of the island, bounded on the east by the city of the province, on the west by the province of Cienfuegos, on the north of the mountain massif of the Escambray and the waters of Caribbean sea baths the south.
The urban area of the city occupies 3 km and half and has about 60 thousand inhabitants. Its average temperature is 26 degrees Celsius and its relative humidity fluctuates by 74%.
It has several access routes to the city, land, sea and air.
Trinidad was discovered by the Genoese Christopher Columbus in 1494, calling him Manzanilla, then years later in late 1513 Diego Velázquez on its way to the east of Cuba founded the third town near the Bay of Jagua, today belonging to Cienfuegos province, later she was moved to the banks of the river Guaurabo, this happens on January 4th, l514.
The region was populated by Indians and Arauco Tainos from South America, who were farmers-ceramists. Their main food source was fishing, the cassava and harvest.
Years later it was colonized by mainland families who were engaged in gold mining and farming, sugar cane in the Valley of the Sugar Mills, which came into existence 49 of these factories.
In 1518, it was the place chosen by Hernan Cortes in his conquest to Mexico, and sets sail Guaurabo river with a group of men to reach the Aztec country, leaving the town in the hands of a few Spaniards.
The population of the city it is involving among black African slaves that is cheap labor, the few Indians who are subjected to abuse and peninsulars, when it make up an ethnic of mulattoes and Creole.
The sixteenth and early seventeenth was a tough stage decimated by disease and trying to survive the attacks of privateering and piracy that roamed the seas. In 1675 the city was attacked by the privateer John Springe, as well as 1702 by Charles Gant, she was also attacked in the years 1654 and 1642 respectively dedicated to the smuggling of cigar, furs, salted meats and live cattle.
Then sparkled a jewel of wealth and splendor for the numerous activities that were developed by smuggling and English, French and Dutch flags roamed the seas of the Caribbean Sea. Still remain the ruins of the strong Watcher from where boats arriving in the bay were seen.
In 1585 she is visited by Alejandro Humboldt researcher, who sits on the city to carry out their investigations of nature and topography of the area.
The villa blooms in a huge way by cigar plantations, which so were being replaced by the increasing of sugar mills occupying the entire Valley of the Sugar Mills, building beautiful mansions similar as the city, examples: Guaimaro’s house, Guachinango’s, Manaca Iznaga mansions, etc.
In 1804, it is completely eliminated the plains of cigar, sugar cane begins being exported to Europe markets, gradually with discrimination logging to keep the plants and depletion of land for cultivation and loss of international market price, sugar, which is replaced by the beet falls into an economic stagnation, in addition to the war of ten years, farmers move their possessions to the province of Cienfuegos where there are wildlands and a better trade for its bay.
Since early eighteenth century, Trinidad has an emerging sense of nationalism, the idea of the French Revolution and the example of Simon Bolivar feed the libertarian spirit of the age.
After 1868 the territory of Trinity lives deep social economic changes. It is said that the war of independence contributed in a decisive way to concentrations and centralizations of the sugar industry with the timely manner of US money.
There were great independence heroes: Fernando Hernandez Echerri, Isidoro Armenteros, etc.
To Trinidad the beginning of the twentieth century starts with a panorama of desolation and the stagnant trade still remains and migration to other parts of the island it is provoked. In 1919, it is built the railroad in Cuba and in 1936 start the construction of the hospital for tubers in Topes de Collantes to 16 km from the city. The road linking Cienfuegos and Trinidad begins and exists only for domestic tourism attractions ...
However, it remains with high social classes in high school, phoenix and cultural dynamics is supported thanks to the work of the inhabitants of the town with yarey, clay, texture expert weavers and other domestic activities and institutions of policies and mass organizations.
From 1953 when the assault on the Moncada barracks a new horizon for the Trinidadians glimpse, the beginning of clandestine struggles, in the mountains rebel groups operate, and on December 28th, 1958 it is carry out the taking of Trinidad organized by the Revolution Commanders: Faustino Perez among them.
Subsequently, the city is mixed in the hard struggle against banditry operating in the area, where the revolutionary militias play an important role by removing troops under Cheito Leon Carter, valuable companions also were lost, whose with their courage they entered into the center of the counter-revolution as Alberto Delgado, the literacy teacher Manuel Azcunce, the peasant Pedro Lantigua and so many unsung heroes who gave their lives.
Trinidad as a vulnerable point for the enemy to be located between the sea and the mountains suffered attack by both the port of Casilda as attacks inside mountains to farmers and people, always breaded by Yankee imperialism.
MAYOR PARISH CHURCH.
Facts baptismal say they have made in this church in 1516. It was rebuilt several times because a cyclone caused its devastation and other times it was assaulted by piracy taking the jewels were kept in it. In 1892 it was reopened as currently, settled as one of the most beautiful altars in Cuba. Photo 1 and 2.
We also have other churches in the town.
- Church of Santa Ana
- San Francisco de Paula Church built in 1830
- Ermita de Ntra. Sra. De la Popa between 1710 and 1715Ch
- urch of Santa Elena 1849 in the town of Casilda
We will not stop mentioning that Trinidad has had since 1816 his shield with some powers that have been designated.
It is a building of the seventeenth century belonged to the family Álvarez Travieso in 1740 that yields in 1808 to the family of Don Mariano Borrell. A daughter of this house get married with Nicolas de la Cruz and Brunet, both surnames ancestry. It has 13 rooms collections of decorative art, including furniture, clothing, jewelry, and tableware, porcelains and paintings of great renown. Furniture and collections were worked by cabinetmakers of the town.
Fight against Bandits Museum (Museo de Lucha contra Bandidos). It was an old Franciscan Monastery from the eighteenth century. A tower that dominates the city is enhanced. In the early twentieth century it became as a public school and it is subsequently converted into a museum where fundamentally independence struggles War 1959-1965 narrates this story of unsung hero Alberto Delgado or the man of Maisinicu who operated against the counterrevolution bands in the Escambray mountains.
Museum of Archaeology: formerly occupied by the Padron family founded in 1976 as a museum, rich jewel of archeology of aboriginal culture in the region by a group of specialists. It have founded pots and utensils of the time of both Spanish colony as slaves mainly in the Sugar Mills Valley and surrounding caves.
Museum of Architecture: it belonged to the Sanchez Iznaga family, it is a significant example of the villa architecture. A testament to the creative efforts of several generations during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
We could cite many places that give beauty and cultural and historical colorful to the city, such as buildings of neoclassical and baroque style as is the house of Malibran, Conspirators’ House, German Alexander von Humboldt’s, Loma’s today Music’s, Rodríguez Altunaga’s today History Archive, Borrell’s today Center of City Restoration.
Dragoons Cavalry Barracks 1844 and 45 today art school, old prison building by 1844, significant by the military architecture of the colonial era.
Mountains. We have the famous Escambray mountains surrounding the city with its beauty lush and native flora and fauna, they are also providers of coffee and have beautiful waterfalls like Caburni, Vega Grande, the Batata, Javira.
There is also the best health recovery Center: the Kurohotel of Topes de Collantes, which was opened in 1954 as a health center for tuberculosis patients.
Valley of the Sugar Mills.
Nearby is holding several keys that you sail by boat for excursions and fishing.
Trinidad is rich in stories, characters and legends of long ago as Indian Caucubú who was locked herself in the grotto the Wonderful because of her love for the Indian Narido. A Spaniard man fell in love with her and then she run away to a cave, shutting herself in that place forever.
Towards the banks of the river surrounded by the meanders there is a poceta where it is said that leaves the Güije little raunchy elf black skin and long braided hair have to tell the stories of Maria Dolores Iznaga black medicine woman, the miraculous cimarrona that heal at their camp other blacks also escaped from the bateyes. The Güije knows that these are its waters, eternal and sacred and that no one ever out of there because there lives the spirit of this pure land of sweat and burning of mixed freedom and rogue language and there will be always the Güije, happy in the poceta.
They say that the Veracruz Christ left the port of Naples in 1613 and he came to stay after a storm lashed the ship, that he treated three times hoisted to the sea and every time he used to try to go to the ocean, he had to return until down the precious cargo, remaining in the main parish church where every Easter loaded shoulders to the three crosses are worshiped.
List private homes in Trinity.
Casa particular Nelson
Excelentes habitaciones con todas las comodidades baño privado, aire acondicionado, tv, reproductor de sonido con Bluetooth y camas muy confortables. ¡De la atención de Nelson y Sonia ni se diga! Muy colaboradores con información, atención, el desayuno delicioso, y se abren a conversar contigo como si fueras de la familia. Y la ubicación excelente eso sí es conocer Cuba, en la Habana vieja cerca del Capitolio.Anderson Tibaná, Colombia
Mi estancia en la casa Nelson fue una experiencia muy satisfactoria, el Sr. Nelson y su Esposa Sonia son unas personas muy cálidas y amables. Fueron muy atentos y serviciales en todo momento, y me hicieron sentir muy cómoda. Mi habitación confortable, limpia, en buenas condiciones. La ubicación de la casa es muy céntrica, está cerca del Capitolio, la Habana Vieja,y otros lugares turísticos. El transporte a diferentes rutas es de fácil acceso. Sin duda, me volvería a alojar en esta casa. La recomiendo altamente. Muchas gracias Sr. Nelson, y Sra. Sonia!Jetmy Molina Abarca, México
Magnifica casa particular
La estancia en casa de Nelson fue genial. La habitación, muy amplia y con aire acondicionado, tenía baño privado y una pequeña cocina, adenmás de una terraza en la que pudimos disfrutar de agradables ratos al aire libre. La experiencia de alojarnos en la Habana Vieja fue maravillosa, viviendo el día a día de la ciudad con su gente, su música, los vendedores ambulantes.... una pasada. Y a cinco minutos andando del Capitolio!! El trato que recibimos por parte de Nelson fue inmejorable, nos hizo sentir como en casa. Si volviesemos a La Habana, sin duda repetiriamos!!! Muchas gracias por todo Nelson!!IRENE, España
Recomiendo esta casa
Recomiendo esta casa por varias razones. En primer lugar la excelente atención y amabilidad de Nelson y Sonia como hospedadores. Las habitaciones y la amplia terraza hacen la estancia muy cómoda y además la casa está situada muy cerca del Capitolio y de zonas interesantes de La Habana! Gracias por todo, disfrutamos de los días allí el verano pasado! Saludos JuananJUAN ANTONIO VILCHEZ AGUILERA, España
Exelente experiencia! Una casa muy cómoda, con una muy buena ubicación! Marleni una mujer super amorosa, siempre cuidando y buscando lo mejor para sus huéspedes, desde enseñarnos a relacionarnos con la sociedad cuba, hasta recomendaros lugares donde comer, comprar, pasear, etc!Jessica Rossi, Uruguay
casa particular impia, comidas abundantes y ubicación central
La casa fue una revelación, limpia, comidas abundantes y ubicación central. recomendadaYaima Rodriguez
alojamiento especial en la ciudad de Cienfuegos, Cuba
estuve muy bien en esta casa, el dueno es un medico muy amable. graciasAndrea Mori
Se la recomiendo a todos
La casa es bonita y centrica . recomendadaJuan Mexico
la casa se encuentra cerca del Centro de la Ciudad, pasamos dias muy lindoLuis
magnifica casa e splendidi i proprietari
Consiglio sicuramente questa casa, in assoluto la miglore casa dove siamo stati a Cuba, i proprietari sono serissimi e le colazioni abbondanti , la consiglioLaura
Hermoso lugar , casa particular muy limpia
Yo visite el lugar y es sin lugar a duda un lugar expectacular donde sus anfitriones te hacen sentir en un ambiente familiar, el lugar esta lleno de confort y disfrutas de la natureleza al maximo, esquisitos en la limpieza. El sason de Liliana algo inigualable..rico sason cubano. Les aconsejo visiten el Hostal La Coloneal Soroa, Es un lugar para recordar y volver a visitar.Claribel Gimenez, Estados Unidos
Inolvidables dias en Varadero
Varadero es segun mi experiencia personal una de las playas mas hermosas del Caribe. En mi estancia alli, estuve hospedado en este apartamento y el servicio fue explendido.Alberto Quesada, Argentina
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